COVID-19. Guidelines and recommendations
As of today, the most relevant topic for discussion is the high incidence of COVID-19. In addition to the truthful overview, the situation is aggravated by the panic spread among people. For the first time, they started talking seriously about coronavirus in 2002 in the People’s Republic of China, where an outbreak of an acute respiratory illness that occurred in a severe form was recorded. During the epidemic, about 800 deaths out of 8 thousand cases were recorded.
Then outbreaks were observed in Saudi Arabia (2012), South Korea (2015). But the outbreak of COVID-19 in China in 2019 became of a threatening scale. As of today, medical cases of coronavirus have been recorded in Europe, America, Africa and many other countries. COVID-19 is passed by airborne transmission (when a person talk, cough, or sneeze). In accordance with the World Health Organization, mortality from the disease makes 3%, but the incidence of illness, including deaths, is rapidly increasing every day.
Coronavirus infection most affects the respiratory system with the development of pneumonia. The initial symptoms are similar to signs of a common cold. General symptoms associated with coronavirus infection are:
- continuous cough;
- difficulty breathing.
Coronavirus infection may have other symptoms, among which are:
- sore throat;
- poor appetite;
- repeated shaking;
- muscle pain;
- loss of smell;
- loss of taste.
Also, the presence of diarrhoea, nausea, rapid heart palpitation is not ruled out.
There’s no treatment specifically approved for coronavirus infection, and no cure for COVID-19. Coronavirus treatment includes drugs for symptoms management, so there are no specific drugs against infection, including vaccines. In most cases, COVID-19 is a mild form of disease. Without treatment, disease progression leads to the development of severe respiratory failure, which may require mechanical ventilation. At risk for the development of complications are:
- people of advanced age;
- people with cancer, infectious disease, progressive chronic pathology;
- people with immunodeficiency (HIV), autoimmune diseases.
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Coronavirus infection most affects the respiratory system with the development of pneumonia. The initial symptoms are similar to signs of a common cold.
How to protect yourself and your loved ones from coronavirus?
Coronavirus can be defeated only by isolation, treatment of sick people, and compliance with measures to prevent infection of healthy people.
Preventive methods include:
- refusal to visit places with scores of people;
- use of personal transport, taxi (if necessary);
- use of a protective mask;
- compliance with personal hygiene;
- regular cleaning of the house using antiseptics;
- walks in the fresh air, avoiding crowded places;
- vitamin intake, healthy nutrition, good sleep, stress reduction - to maintain immune defence;
- the distance between people during communication should be at least 1-1.5 metres;
- the use of a service such as an online doctor consultation instead of a personal visit to medical institutions (if it’s not about symptoms of a respiratory illness). Clinics that provide telemedicine services are represented on our Site.
When the first symptoms of pathology appear, you should immediately consult a specialist. It is important to remember that COVID-19 can begin with a usual malaise and a slight increase in temperature, which also require medical advice.
In order to consult with a specialist, you do not need to stand in queue at the reception desk and wait for an appointment near the office. If you need an examination, you can leave a request for an Infectious Disease Physician consultation at jimeds.ng. The portal contains up-to-date information about doctors, types of medical services provided, rating, patient testimonials.
To order a consultation, it is enough to leave a request on the website, indicate your personal data, date convenient for the patient, time of admission.